The beauty routine for combination skin is designed to balance the face,without ever resorting to too much purification or too much nourishment that would worsen the skin condition.

Combination skin: How to recognize it and treat it

Combination skin is often difficult to recognize because it’s mistaken for oily skin or dry skin. The different skin types are divided into opposite areas on our skin: the skin is dry in the cheek area, while on chin, nose and forehead it tends to produce a lot of impurities. If treated uncurrently, combination skin tends to become dehydrated. It is important to follow a skincare routine that doesn’t forget hydration, without using active ingredients that are too nourishing,which would serve only to burden the skin and promote the spill of new imperfections outside the critical areas.

Just like oily skin, imperfections and sebum production can be caused by a hormonal issue, an incorrect diet or by the incorrect use of products that can alter the hydrolipidic film and cause a protective reaction from the skin. In many combination skin, the overproduction of sebum leads to dilated pores in the cheek and chin area. They can be minimized by using corrective and blurring make-up products such as Step 1 Pore Minimizer primer.

Combination skin is influenced by hormones and lifestyle and combines very different skin types: dry or normal skin and oily skin, particularly in the T-zone.

The best way to treat combination skin is to use many products to treat different facial areas and tolayering the textures,starting from the most liquid formula to arrive,stratifying the products, to the densest formula, that is the face cream.

Combination skin: the products to use in cleansing

The main step to treat combination skin starts with cleansing, which can be done by contrast and/or affinity.Affinity cleansing requires that the skin be cleansed with a product that is similar to it, containing lipids and fats, such as a facial oil or cleansing milk that allow the make-up removal in a short time, even the most resistant and waterproof. Contrastive cleansing consists in the use of cleansers containing surfactants that remove impurities, excess sebum and accumulations of smog and dirt that settle on the skin. These cleansers are micellar water or cleansing gels that also have a make-up removal function and are suitable in case the skin is very sensitive or if the feeling of oil, especially in the summer season, can be heavy on the skin.

Both cleansing strategies can be followed,as in the Korean practice better known as “double cleansing“: after applying the remover oil and emulsified with water, can be applied the remover gel and remove all with water.The skin will be perfectly cleansed and ready to move on to the next treatments.

Combination skin: the products to be used to hydrate and rebalance the skin

Before applying the serum and cream, combination skin often requires another step: the application of a balancing tonic allows to restore the pH of the skin after cleansing and be sure that all traces of impurities and make-up have been removed from the face. It helps purify the skin and make it immediately brighter.

According to the seasons and the needs of the skin, a different face serum can be found: in winter temperatures tend to dry out the skin, it’s necessary to opt for a hydrating serum based on hyaluronic acid which hydrates the skin, avoiding dehydration; in summer, temperatures cause an excessive production of sebum which can be counteracted by applying a moisturizing and purifying serum.

As a last step, the application of a face cream suitable for the season and needs: always choose light or gel formulas, which contain purifying and soothing active ingredients and which are also suitable as a make-up base.

The best face masks for combination skin

Targeted treatments such as a purifying face mask to be done twice a week, or three times only if applied on the T-zone and in the points with more imperfections,or an oxygenating face mask that helps regenerate the skin, cannot be missing in the skincare routine of a combination skin.

How can we ensure that all the precautions we take in our skincare are not lost in the making of the make-up? Using oil free formulas for the make-up base, starting with a primer mattifying or pore minimizing, continuing with the application of an oil-free foundation, with a matte finish on the skin.To make sure that the critical areas always remain opaque, don’t forget to apply a mattifying powder in the T-zone and take it with you during the day for some touch-ups.

Beware of bright products to define the volumes of the face: can highlight pores.It ‘s always better to opt for opaque finishes and use the highlighter only on the cheekbone, always preferring the powder formulas to those in cream or liquid.

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